6/11/2012 - EOV Hémisphère Sud et zones adjacentes exempts d’armes nucléaires.
Explanation of vote by H.E. Joanne Adamson, Ambassador,
Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland to the Conference on Disarmament
on behalf of France, the United Kingdom and the United States
L45. : “Nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas”
New York, 6 November 2012
I am speaking on behalf of France, the United Kingdom and the United States with regards to draft resolution L.45, “Nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas”.
We would like to emphasise the importance we attach to the development where appropriate of internationally recognised nuclear-weapon-free-zones. They can be an important contribution to regional and global security, provided that they are
1. established as set out in the 1999 UNDC guidelines, ie they are supported by all States of the region concerned, and by Nuclear Weapons States,
2. subject of appropriate treaties, including comprehensive safeguards provided by the International Atomic Energy Agency, and
3. Satisfactorily concluded in consultation with the Nuclear Weapon States.
We still believe it is contradictory to propose simultaneously the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone that would be composed largely of the high seas and yet to say that it would be fully consistent with applicable principles and rules of international law relating to the freedom of the high seas and the right of passage through maritime space, including those of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. We continue to question whether the real goal of this draft resolution is in fact the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone covering the high seas. We do not believe that this ambiguity has been sufficiently clarified. In addition, the sponsors have introduced several changes to the text, which in the view of our governments, take us further away from our ability to support this resolution. For these reasons, we have voted against the draft resolution.
Thank you Mr. Chairman.