Launch of the International Partnership Against Impunity for the Use of Chemical Weapons (January 23rd 2018) in Paris [fr]
Since 2012, international investigation mechanisms, the press and non-governmental organizations have reported several hundreds of chemical attacks. Nearly 14,000 people have allegedly been exposed to toxic substances and several hundred have been killed. These repeated attacks, whether we think about Iraq, Syria or Asia, are a cause for concern because they compromise the prohibition of the use of chemical weapons.
On January 23, 2018, day of the opening session of the Conference on Disarmament, representatives of thirty States and international organizations gathered around Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs, to reaffirm their commitment against the use of chemical weapons. In Paris, they participated in the inaugural conference of this partnership and adopted a declaration of principles.
The Geneva Protocol, signed after World War I, is the first international agreement on chemical weapons, Its reach is limited, since it does not forbidden neither the detention nor the production of chemical weapons. Moreover, no verification regime had been implemented to ensure the implementation of the treaty. It nevertheless remains the first international effort against chemical weapons.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), adopted in 1992, fully completed the Geneva Protocol. Indeed, it bans development, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer and use of chemical weapons. The 192 State parties are forbidden to use such weapons, or form a military coalition with States using chemical weapons. Each State party is bound to declare and destroy any chemical weapon it might detain on its territory. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is responsible for implementing the Convention.
This new partnership supplements these international mechanisms in the fight against chemical weapons. State parties agree to collect any available information on any responsible party, share these information with competent authorities (national or international) and to use all possible means to sanction these criminals. Besides, these States also accept to publish a list of all known individuals and entities involved and punished.
For more information, follow this link to the website of the Partnership.