Meeting of the Group of Governmental Experts on LAWS - September 21-25
The Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) met from September 21 to 25 in Geneva.
The Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) is part of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). This GGE met from September 21 to 25 in Geneva in an unprecedented format: experts from capitals, the kingpins of the group’s work, followed the debates for the first time via a virtual platform.
This meeting, in which States, experts and civil society actors participated, provided an opportunity to exchange on the legal, technical and operational aspects of LAWS and to discuss the implementation of the "Eleven Guiding Principles" (adopted in 2019 by the High Contracting Parties to the CCW), which serve as a basis for the development of a future operational and normative framework relating to these weapons systems.
We pay a particular attention to this work, which must ensure that international humanitarian law (IHL) is fully applied to the potential development and use of autonomous lethal weapons systems. To this end, a fundamental role is assigned to the reviews of new weapons provided for in Article 36 of the First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions.
We also attach particular importance to the key principles of human responsibility and accountability, which aims to ensure that the development and use of weapons systems are always placed under human command, as well as to the human-machine interaction. These principles should ensure that human remains the sole decision-maker in the scope of a mission and the rules of use and engagement of weapons systems. This is why France does not wish to develop fully autonomous weapons systems.