Presentation and position of France [fr]
The improvised explosive devices (IED) represent a category of explosive weapons that may take various forms and be activated in different ways.
Very accessible, these weapons are used more and more in current conflicts and represent a significant threat for civilian populations and a major operational risk for our forces involved in the field. The IED are notably used by terrorist groups.
In Geneva, the question of improvised explosive devices is dealt with within the framework of the amended Protocol II of the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects, or Convention on certain Conventional Weapons (CCW).
France is particularly active in the fight against IED, within the Geneva fora.
France, together with Colombia, coordinates the group of experts within the framework of Amended Protocol II of the CCW.
Together with Afghanistan and Australia, it is the author, since 2015, of the United Nations General Assembly resolution "Combating the threat posed by improvised explosive devices", which notably reminds the importance of the threat, encourages States to adopt national measures to fight IED and encourages cooperation and international assistance regarding this matter.
France supports Action 18 of the Secretary-General’s agenda for disarmament to strengthen the coordination and coherence of actions on improvised explosive devices.
France regularly organizes parallel events to raise awareness of the problem of IEDs among all stakeholders.
It provides financial support for a number of activities in this field, including UNIDIR’s work in this area. Lastly, it funded the study entitled "Addressing Improvised Explosive Devices: Options and Opportunities to Better Utilize UN Processes and Actors" published in November 2015, and funded UNIDIR’s self-assessment tool on improvised explosive devices, launched in June 2020.