What is at stake The Arms Trade Treaty... [fr]
The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is an international Treaty that regulates the international trade in conventional arms by establishing international standards governing importation, exportation and arms transfers. And therefore, seeks to prevent and eradicate illicit trade and diversion of conventional arms.
The ATT contributes to international and regional peace, security and stability, reducing human suffering, and promoting cooperation, transparency and responsible actions among the international community.
Adopted on 2 April 2013 by the General Assembly of the United Nations, the ATT came into force on 24 December 2014. For the first time, the international community developed a legally binding instrument in order to regulate the arms trade. At this stage the Treaty has a total of 97 States Parties and 130 Signatory States.
The Treaty has two interdependent goals : improve the control of legal arms trade and fight against illegal arms trade in order to limit the destabilizing impact of the uncontrolled weapons spread and as such reinforce international peace and security. Each State Party must implement a domestic control system of arms transfer (exportations, importations, transits and brokering activities) in accordance with the International Humanitarian Law and the respect of Human Rights. The ATT includes transparency measures on legal weapons transfer. Moreover, the Treaty enables State Parties to improve the field of application as regards technological advances.
France fully supports the ATT. The country deposited its instrument of ratification on 2 April 2014 during a ceremony co-organized with Germany.
The main goal of the treaty is to bring States to adopt guidelines as regards responsibility, transparency and proportionality in the matter of conventional weapons transfers. To do so, France considers that the treaty must prompt the adoption of domestic measures of control as regards exportations and in accordance with the existing international rules. France underlines the following opportunities offered by the treaty:
limit the provision of weapons and munitions in instability zones ;
avoid violation of the international humanitarian and human rights ;
preserve peace, security and regional stability ;
improve transparency as regards disarmament. France particularly considers the implication of its partners from Sub-Saharan Africa, first to be affected by the absence of international regulation in the matter of arms trade ;
include all types of weapons in the treaty (particularly SALW which cause the most damages in the world today) ;
France considers of utmost importance the issue of diversion and intends to address this issue at the best of its abilities.
Please, find here a graphic on how the ATT fights diversion and France actions as regards this issue (in French).
Besides, in the frame of a continuous dialogue with the civil society, information has been shared with NGO’s and French armament industry representatives since the beginning of the process. Therefore, several seminaries were held in order to debate with all the actors in favor of such endeavor.